Date of publication: 2017-09-04 05:32
Two issues in particular have drawn the attention of the human rights community. The first involves the methods America has chosen to wage its war on crime. The second is discrimination against non-whites or, to place the matter in a broader and more appropriate context, the country’s efforts to build a successful multinational society.
Asserting 8766 detail of fair trial 8767 in the Best Bakery case, the NHRC observed that. 8775 Violation of a right to fair trial is not only violation of fundamental rights under our Constitution but also violate of internationally recognised human rights. 8776 The Commission further observed that 8766 whenever a criminal goes unpunished, it is the Society, at large, which suffers because the victims become demoralized and criminals are encouraged 8767 .
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8775 All human beings are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated. The International Community must treat human rights globally in a fair and equal manner on the same footing and with the same emphasis.
Ethical associations of this right are attributed to such aspects as euthanasia, capital punishment, lawful killing of persons, abortion and self-defense among others (Norman 6969). Abortion has been associated with pro life and pro-choice issues. Pro-life issues indicate the importance of the fetus in development of human beings. They are already human. They campaign for keeping of pregnancy to full term. Pro-choice campaigners believe that the right to choose whether to keep the baby or not lies entirely on the mother.
The drafters of the Covenants initially intended only one instrument. The original drafts included only political and civil rights, but economic and social rights | were added early. Western States then fought for, and obtained, a division into | two covenants. They insisted that economic and social right were essentially aspirations or plans, not rights, since their realisation depended on availability of resources and on controversial economic theory and ideology.
Fourthly, the Supreme Court and the High Courts have made significant contributions, (through their directives issued to the Governments in PIL matters) in addressing public grievances against violation of human rights caused by acts of State-arbitrariness and Government excess.
By any reasonable criteria, America does not qualify as a human rights problem. Like all societies, the United States suffers its share of social ills. Nevertheless, its record of protecting the rights of society’s most vulnerable groups ranks with the best in the world. Layer upon layer of laws, administrative regulations, and court decrees exist to promote the fair treatment of racial minorities, immigrants, the handicapped, women, children, the elderly, the mentally ill, and religious believers (and non-believers as well). Although homosexuals are not extended the protection of most federal civil rights laws, the states have increasingly included gays and lesbians in the roster of classes protected by anti-discrimination legislation.
Thirdly, the Commission has left no stone unturned to make the Central and State Governments answerable accountable and responsive to all human rights issues and to take appropriate action against the human rights violators.
The main line should be that you are not a robot, and that it is your feelings and emotions that define you as a personality. Do not get stuck with material possessions and what you have achieved in life. That has to do only with a small portion of who you are.
Finally, no assessment of human rights in the . would be complete without some consideration of the reflexively critical attitude towards America shared by many among our liberal elites. A half-century ago, the . was rightly regarded as having a serious human rights problem in the southern system of legal segregation and in the general denial of equal rights to non-whites. Ironically, America’s racial record was chastised much more severely after it had taken steps to dismantle segregation and other legal obstacles to equality. Indeed, the more America changed, the more tenaciously many critics, both here and abroad, held to the view of a society dominated by bigotry and “institutional racism.”
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